haiti earthquake magnitude

Countless dwellings were reduced to rubble, while hospitals, churches and schools collapsed and roads were blocked with debris. January 20: While multiple aftershocks are recorded soon after the initial quake, the U.S. Geological Service reports the strongest aftershock is a 5.9 temblor on January 20 that collapses many already damaged buildings. [217] In response to the earthquake, foreign governments offered badly needed financial aid. Witnesses told reporters that the sea first retreated and a "very big wave" followed rapidly, crashing ashore and sweeping boats and debris into the ocean.[50]. Notable landmark buildings were significantly damaged or destroyed, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building, the Port-au-Prince Cathedral, and the main jail. Trade and Industry Minister Josseline Colimon Fethiere estimated that the earthquake's toll on the Haitian economy would be massive, with one in five jobs lost. "[54], There was considerable damage to communications infrastructure. [220], In the aftermath of the earthquake, the government of Canada announced that it would match the donations of Canadians up to a total of C$50 million. Survivors who were able to access the Internet—and friends and relatives abroad—took to social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook in search of information on those missing in the wake of the catastrophe. The hospitals had to perform many amputations. In an October 2015 letter to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, a group of UN human rights experts excoriated the body for using legal loopholes to avoid taking responsibility for the epidemic and thereby undermining its own credibility. Keen, deputy commander of US Southern Command, however, announced that despite the stories of looting and violence, there was less violent crime in Port-au-Prince after the earthquake than before. [146][147] Jasmine Whitbread, chief executive of Save the Children said: "The vast majority of the children currently on their own still have family members alive who will be desperate to be reunited with them and will be able to care for them with the right support. [91][92], Towns in the eastern Dominican Republic began preparing for tens of thousands of refugees, and by 16 January hospitals close to the border had been filled to capacity with Haitians. The missionaries claimed they were rescuing orphaned children but investigations revealed that more than 20 of the children had been taken from their parents after they were told the children would have a better life in America. A 2016 report by the organization Doctors Without Borders claimed that cases of cholera had likely been significantly underreported. [261][262], According to a UNICEF report, "Still today more than one million people remain displaced, living in crowded camps where livelihoods, shelter and services are still hardly sufficient for children to stay healthy". The quake displaced 1.5 million people. But we have our limitations with respect to food and medicine. [13] The nation's history of national debt, prejudicial trade policies by other countries, and foreign intervention into national affairs, contributed to the existing poverty and poor housing conditions that increased the death toll from the disaster. [121] The Dominican Red Cross coordinated early medical relief in conjunction with the International Red Cross. The quake is the largest ever measured in Haiti and yet another of a series of disasters to afflict the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. "Even before the national registry fell under the rubble, land tenure was always a complex and contentious issue in Haiti. [187], In Jacmel, a city of 50,000, the mayor claimed that 70 percent of the homes had been damaged and that the quake had killed 300 to 500 people and left some 4,000 injured. the Dominican Republic, and Haiti had been relatively seismically quiescent. The decrease was partly due to a Canadian-sponsored program that provided grants to some of the nearly 30,000 residents of the most-conspicuous camp—located near the collapsed presidential palace on the Champs de Mars—which allowed them to find rental housing or repair existing structures. The magnitude 7.0 quake … In addition, 39 trucks carrying canned food were dispatched, along with 10 mobile kitchens and 110 cooks capable of producing 100,000 meals per day.[123]. The river—the longest on the island and a major source of drinking water there—had been contaminated with fecal matter carrying a South Asian strain of cholera bacteria. [85], Almost immediately Port-au-Prince's morgue facilities were overwhelmed. Suspicion that Nepalese UN peacekeeping forces stationed near the river were the likely source of the outbreak was validated by the leak of a report by a French epidemiologist in December. However, when no surface deformation was observed, the rupturing of the main strand of the fault system was ruled out as a cause. [115] The most reliable academic estimate of the number of earthquake casualties in Haiti (over 95% were in the immediate Port-au-Prince area) "within six weeks of the earthquake" appears to be the 160,000 estimate in a 2010 University of Michigan study. Half the representation on the commission was given to foreigners who effectively bought their seats by pledging certain amounts of money. Everywhere, the acrid smell of bodies hangs in the air. Others crowded into undamaged homes owned by extended family members or friends or returned to damaged structures, more than 200,000 of which were either marked for demolition or required major repairs. Even if this logistical logjam were to be cleared, the vast majority of Port-au-Prince residents, up to 85%, did not own their homes before the earthquake. [46] Workers from the charity Save the Children reported hearing "already weakened structures collapsing" in Port-au-Prince,[43] but most sources reported no further significant damage to infrastructure in the city. [75] The building housing the offices of Citibank in Port-au-Prince collapsed, killing five employees. [63][64] The National Palace was severely damaged,[65][66] though President René Préval and his wife Elisabeth Delatour Préval escaped without injury. (INFOGRAPHIC)", "Haiti earthquake: Where has the aid money gone? Mag. 2. [159] Ophelia Dahl, director of Partners in Health, reported, "there are hundreds of thousands of injured people. Gonaïves seaport in northern Haiti remained operational. [127] A Korean International Disaster Relief Team[128] with 40 rescuers, medical doctors, nurses and 2 k-9s was deployed to epicenters to assist mitigation efforts of Haitian Government. [274][276] The United Nations peacekeeping force, widely believed responsible for the cholera outbreak,[258] continues to refuse to accept responsibility,[277] however, they have launched a $2.2 billion initiative to combat cholera and the construction of a $17 million teaching hospital in Mirebalais which will employ 800 Haitians and treat 185,000 people. Italy announced it would waive repayment of the €40 million it had loaned to Haiti,[159] and the World Bank waived the country's debt repayments for five years. The last major earthquake near Hispaniola, a magnitude 8.0 in … An international development consultant contracted by the commission was quoted as saying, "Look, you have to realize the IHRC [commission] was not intended to work as a structure or entity for Haiti or Haitians. [16][17] The headquarters of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), located in the capital, collapsed, killing many, including the Mission's Chief, Hédi Annabi. [264], On the first anniversary of the earthquake, Haitian-born Michaëlle Jean, who served as the Governor General of Canada at the time of the disaster, and who became United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Special Envoy for Haiti on 8 November 2010, voiced her anger at the slow rate of aid delivery. [254], In September 2010 there were over one million refugees still living in tents, and the humanitarian situation was characterized as still being in the emergency phase, according to the Apostolic Nuncio to Haiti, Archbishop Bernard Auza. Because many hospitals had been rendered unusable, survivors were forced to wait days for treatment and, with morgues quickly reaching capacity, corpses were stacked in the streets. 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